Assisted suicide and the Art of Attention
Assisted suicide and the Art of Attention
In the era of managed care, rationing of care and care techniques, is the art of attention. We live in a society that has been care the different options? Self-determination? what? stations where you could die? self-determination? what? destination in life. We have drugs and capabilities technology, and the country allows us to speed up or slow? dying. The purpose of this position is to discuss the legal implications, ethical, religious and philosophical physicians involved in assisted suicide (PAS) and how these decisions affect Indeed, those concerned with this issue.
Benefits for SAP are:
? People should have the right to die with dignity
? People should have the right to die with their senses intact
? People should have the right to die painlessly
? People should have the right to take care waste
NO disadvantages are:
? euthanasia and the slippery slope effect, or acceptable and unacceptable
? There is a policy capable of governing the country effectively implementing the right to die
? true desires are difficult to identify due to communication problems
? Playing God
I'm just giving an overview, not a detailed analysis on this issue. My intention is to surface problems, not to advance a philosophy of care that can minimize the people? The fear of death by using a type of care = care art. The art of care will help people have an inner strength enabling it to cope with external loss happens to your body. At the end of this document, I hope to outline practical ways people can help terminally ill patients cope with a dying body from one place within the cultivated yet? soul.
It was Karl Barth who said that? it is for God and for God alone to end of human life? and God gives life to us? Inalienable loan.? (1) It is my belief that gives us meaning and hope in all situations of life. This instinct to survive and find value in our entire existence which leads to believe that there is much to learn at all stages of our lives. Our ability to trust in our Creator? s Divine guidance and a plan to make the soul more than the body at the end of life is as important as other aspects of life. We can do much more confident and less control. It seems that maturity teaches us all to let go and follow a path within us not always make sense for us outside. As we begin to have an overview. To look into what can not be seen from outside, it is our soul? S desire to be surface known in our lives.
In liberty, John Stuart Mill said,? A person should be free to do what he wants his own concerns, but should not be free to do what he likes to act on behalf of another under the pretext that the affairs of another are your issues. (2) The autonomy is so important for us that science and religious communities are trying to honor and respect. For internal autonomy is the ability to discern for yourself one? s needs, values, and your destination. It is a movement in the care of art (science and religion) can work together to forge a healing response in terms of the soul when Physical healing is possible.
On the other side of this issue, it is clear that Oregon? Death with Dignity had its impact on America. Some People want this service although it is not chosen by many people. Oregon? Death with Dignity, its been very little used and a slippery slope does not seem to be at the forefront now.? In 2001, twenty of Oregon has chosen to end his life by ingesting a lethal dose of drugs prescribed by a doctor, representing 0.33% of deaths from diseases such as Oregon 6365. The number of Oregon to choose physician-assisted suicide remained relatively stable, ranging from sixteen in 1998, the first year of law was into force in twenty-seven in 1999 and 2000. Clearly, there is no landslide in the making. (3)?
It seems that people always want to have some control in his death and autonomy remains widespread in the whole matter to the APS. The strong need to identify one? s way in the face of suffering that can be expected faith and love in a sense of self is not easy to define, without losing the size of a confidence in himself to be led by the same power which has led to our lives are. Here we turn to art to help care when curative care is no longer any response. Here we begin where we are in that we have confidence in the wisdom the one who created us.
Senses, levels of care, and care approaches:
There are three levels to discern in the act of Euthanasia:
There are three levels to discern in the act of euthanasia:
1. The first is a patient in coma or brain death. In these cases, the doctor is asked to? Remove the plug? or removing the patient from the respirator. These cases are usually not questioned by the general public. It is an act of withdrawal or refusal of the mechanisms used to live a life that can not continue. It is here that the recognition of the same? personality is gone and the shell of a body is all that remains.
2. A further act of euthanasia is the use of morphine for patients in final painful stages of his life with diseases such as cancer and AIDS.
3. The last category of patients is relatively healthy euthanasia and the early phase of terminal illness who wish to end their lives. These cases, such as Alzheimer's disease? s and cancer patients want information object PAS. It is the most controversial of the three issues related to euthanasia (4).
Euthanasia comes from the Greek word? good death.? It's the end of a life intentionally by another person in position to do so by request of the person who wants to die. Here are some terms that are NOT need to know to define actions in progress.
Passive euthanasia is the acceleration of the death through modification of some support and let nature take its course. This may include removing the life support team, stopping treatment or procedures doctors, stopping food and water consumption leads to dehydration or starvation, and retention of CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The most common use PAS is giving patients large doses of morphine for pain relief. It is likely that pain suppresses respiration and cause death earlier than would otherwise have occurred. This also done in patients who are in a persistent vegetative state or in patients who can not recover consciousness due to brain damage.
is the acceleration of the death through the modification of some support and let nature take its course. This may include removing the support team life, stopping treatment or medical procedures, stopping food and water consumption leads to dehydration or starvation, and retention CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Use The most common classification system is to give patients high doses of morphine for pain relief. Pain is likely to be deleted breathing and cause death earlier than it would otherwise have happened. Also performed on patients in a persistent vegetative state or patients can not regain consciousness due to brain damage.
Active euthanasia is the intentional use of the means kill a human being to direct action. Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a Michigan physician made this known in 1998 with a patient who had ALS (Lou Gehrig? S Disease). His patient was afraid of suffering for a long time involved in ALS and wanted to die a quick and painless death. Dr. Kevorkian injected controlled substances into the patient and killed. Kevorkian was charged with first degree murder but the jury found him guilty of second-degree murder in March 1999.
is the use intentional ways to kill a human being to direct action. Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a Michigan physician, he is well known in 1998 with a patient who had ALS (Lou Gehrig? S Disease). His patient was afraid of suffering for a long time involved in ALS and wanted to die a quick and painless death. Dr. Kevorkian injected substances in the death of this patient and the cause. Kevorkian was charged with first-degree murder but the jury found him guilty of second-degree murder in March 1999.
Physician assisted suicide is the provision of information or the means to a patient to die with the intent to commit suicide.
Assisted suicide is the provision of information or resources to a dying patient with the intention of committing suicide.
involuntary euthanasia is the end of a life without a clear patient demand.
Euthanasia the case of dismissal of a patient's life without a clear demand.
? There are several reasons why patients want to use SAP. Some are simply clinical depression, they are? borne diseases or unique? s emotional and mental transformation of their disease has been suffering from way beyond the body. Other live coverage of chronic pain due to lack of health care or money to buy drugs. This group later and not die soon and do not engage in medical expenses those left behind. disorder or serious illness, such as ASL, Huntington? S against the disease, multiple sclerosis, AIDS, Alzheimer's disease? S, etc. are some of the illnesses of people prefer to avoid the loss of financial independence and more. Somehow, this gives people a sense of control over the process of his life.? (5)
When all is said and done, There are two philosophical approaches to suicide: Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 Circa EC) has condemned all suicide (assisted or not) because it goes against you? S a natural desire to live, that harms others, and life is a gift from God and only taken by God. Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592 CE) claimed that suicide was a matter of personal choice and human right. (6)
These two philosophies are still issues in 2003. Suicide was a criminal act. Now is not that much weight. But suicide assisted not a crime in North America, except in the State of Oregon. In Oregon, is allowed under strictly controlled conditions.
As you can see, there is a recurring theme in these two approaches. Both reflect the need for deeper personal counseling. Although both appear to be opposite ends of the spectrum, each terminal people to find strength in one of the? inner self and trust that the guidance is consistent with the person? personality.
Ethical and religious considerations:
Some patients with terminal illnesses are so bad they would prefer end their lives that continue to suffer and experience poor quality of life. Due to physical and mental limitations, people who have had a very different perspective on life of people with good health. This change of opinion makes some people choose certain courses of treatment in a debilitating disease, or she can not even suppliers care to consider a healthy well-being. Many say that the pain of terminally ill? can be controlled to acceptable levels with good pain management, but there are tens of millions of patients who lack access to adequate pain management in the United States only.
Many religious organizations believe that suffering can be used to purify. This purification may for the caregiver and patient. There is a time to learn and become aware of how the body gets more soul in the process of transformation ay associated death. Christians believe that death life is a gift from God and God do not send us experience you can not handle. Islamic states Quran? years? Be the life which Allah has made sacred otherwise than in the course of justice.? So? Because we did not create, we have not our body.? Orthodox Judaism maintains that? This is a matter of constitutional and moral criticism that Jewish tradition speaks clearly. We believe that recognition of a constitutionally recognized right to die for the terminally ill is a clear statement against the recognition and the sanctity of human life?.? (7)
Clearly, the religious influence that such action is not like going against one? s creator and as such, the need to pray and discern the direction of it? life and death must be a query of the status of her office? s own faith. To replace this influence would be an autonomous individual whose beliefs have become what is known religiously to what can be known through them, very force that gave them life. This is where the terminally ill to choose a plan of action on the heart a? transcendent being his belief in his designer (religious) that leads to active participation of the latter? Passive S values (personal transformations), which includes religious influence, but goes beyond it as well.
The decisions of the United States Supreme Court:
? The Supreme Court issued its decision on the case of New York and Washington on June 26, 1997. They found that the American media has no constitutional right to physician assisted suicide. The vote was 9-0, an unusual decision, a unanimous decision. Thus, New York and Washington, the laws prohibiting these suicides are constitutional. On the other hand, the court suggested that there is no constitutional impediment to prevent a State approving a law allowing assisted suicide. Oregon has done just that. So the battle must be waged on a state by state. Justice Rehnquist wrote:? Throughout the nation, Americans are engaged in a serious and profound debate about the morality, legality and practice assisted suicide. Our holding permits this debate to continue, as it should in a democratic society. (8)
This action by the government suggests a fundamental value in the U.S. SAP's challenges. This autonomy is a personal choice and the value held in high esteem in the country. Although there are cases where the rights does not mean that some choices are the right to choose, these cases are presented in individual cases. Sometimes, simply futile care makes no sense. These cases are handled with sensitivity and with time, medical and technology can not cure.
Relief Promotion Act of Pain:
Currently, there are no drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration to use the slaughter of the patients. The drugs are made to treat disease, not to end a life.
1996? July: The bill passes subcommittee of the House: A bill has been approved by the Constitution Subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives have asked for pain relief Promotion Act. Its purpose was to prevent doctors to help patients obtain medical assistance in suicide.
1999? October: Bill passed by the House: He was adopted by a vote of 271-156. Lori Hougen, spokesman for the National Right to Life Movement is happy. She said: Congress just sent a very strong bipartisan message to the appropriate role of medical is able to help their patients, not by pushing a bridge? Doctors must not kill their patients, should be able to help.? (9)
It is in this spirit and history of pain in patients who have the degree of suffering mentioned earlier in this document, it seems to work harder, providing money and resources in the study and application of methods of palliative care are in order. We have come a long way in defining and NOT discuss now move towards the relief of pain may much hope in his death through scientific means. Religion tries to find meaning in such suffering. Science needs to accelerate to the plate and provide knowledge and treatment can alleviate suffering. In 2003, we call the methods of spiritual care beyond the scope of church membership additional care. On this side of the issue of suffering, science has to catch up with the modalities of complementary medicine. Therefore, is clear that science and religion has its strengths and pull each other. Ni, the eldest of the two, without losing what inspires people to care for those most needed.
Survey of physicians:
Dr. Diane Meier of Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, NY gave a survey of 1902 physicians on the use of PAS. The study's findings about the need to treat elderly patients advanced and dying patients. The following areas are the patients is not usually the petition:
? 6.4% of respondents admitted to helping at least one patient suicide
? The actual number is probably much higher because most doctors do not want to accept help someone to commit suicide? would be a crime.
Patients gave several reasons for wanting to die:
? 79% said another inconvenience pain
? 53% loss of the dignity of citizenship
? 52% reported fear of uncontrollable symptoms (10)
As you can see in this poll, no? few? cases beyond medical knowledge to treat people? pain adequately. This does not mean that SAP is the answer. It is an indicator how much more study is needed in the field of palliative care. attention appropriate for the terminally ill is a priority, we must find the resources so that we can take care of others at the end of life as we do at birth to maturity.
Hospice Program: Politics of suicide:
? Hospice care is a philosophy and a program of pain and symptoms qualified to reduce the physical, emotional, mental, spiritual and pain. Hospice does not hasten or postpone death. In essence, the palliative care staff involved actions not only support a patient? intention to commit suicide.
1. If a patient intends to commit suicide, the staff does the following:
1. If patient intends to commit suicide staff do the following:
A. Encourage patients to talk about what brought the child of this decision;
B. Evaluate patient's pain and suffering has increased, depression, suicidal tendencies, competition, impaired thinking, confusion, dementia, and manipulation by others.
C. The patient that information should be shared with family and personal medical hospice.
D. Confirm with patient / family does not help terminally ill commit suicide.
E. notify the Coordinator of Nursing and Hospice Coordinator
F. Present this information to the Interdisciplinary Team and decide a plan of care that may lead to further exploration in this case by a psychiatrist, a nurse, psychiatrist or psychologist. The increased attention and support will be launched.
G. Notify physician if needed updates.
2. When hospice staff to patient requests help committing suicide, do the following:
A. Reaffirming pt / family policy Hospice against assisted suicide.
B. reporting to supervisors, the interdisciplinary team, the patient? O doctor, etc? patient? intentions and concrete plans.
C. Continue to supervise and monitor the care plan and a new appreciation of the changes are developed.
Used with permission, Emerson Hospital (11)
? The Hippocratic Oath, which forbids the killing by doctors, began in ancient Greece the time of Socrates. It is often considered as the origin of medical ethics, but the common impression has been contested 1931 by Ludwig Edelstein, a historian of medicine. (12) March 26, 1998, the first known legal no happened in the U.S.. This case occurred in Oregon. The doctor gave a woman with terminal breast cancer and lethal drugs prescribed by law. Many doctors have not this new role of physicians, but many people thought it was a good thing.
There are no easy conclusions to the PAS. There are a number people who are pros and cons that are not. The debate has not been determined by the Government show that a democratic society must determine for itself the meaning of life and death, thus sending the issue in each State to determine orientation of its citizens. One thing is clear: the United States of America continues defending the autonomy and individual rights of Americans to determine the course of his life. And it seems that SAP is not a problem to be determined in the near future.
* My central argument of this paper is not convincing to be for or against PAS. The research also indicates that there are reasons for good against it. It is for each one of us decide for ourselves the meaning of our lives. Anyone who has had children or know children grow up watching the autonomy is alive in each of us. This guiding force inspires us to love, let go, and embrace life again in all its transitions. As we mature, we realize that this is not the experience we give our lives meaning and value: it is rather the expression in these experiments that give us life.
The expressions of life are the flow of life moving through us and not us so we can know the true sense of self. We can say that our self is our soul? C. Code may be that our faith in himself drawing our attention to ourselves heard. This vote is a message of hope to die, that allows those who care a dying patient to hear his real voice. Perhaps more attention placed on what can be known through us (the art of care) and what we know (Science) we can build a bridge between two areas of care that are following a similar purpose.
I have the hope that the art of care which is the spirit of any movement will inspire healing and will remain the driving force in this issue. If we were to spend more time creating improving care and meet patient needs care in a way I can? t help wondering whether the physician-assisted suicide would be more hardly an option in mind. In my work with patients in hospital in the last 12 years, I realized that people are free to go in pain and do the best advantage of his days. Hospice does not delay or accelerate one? dying. We are a service to manage the issue of mental pain, emotionally, physically and spiritually.
There is a saying in palliative care that we do not add up? Life, but add more life to one? S days. There is much to learn in life and our death. As a patient begins to die, a flood of memories fill your heart, mind and soul. This interior life or one? s soul awakens a powerful force of nature. In this case, a dying patient become more soul than the body, leaving the square, present within all of us.
This awareness full of those who care for a patient die with a sense of the sacred. Help all of us involved in the care of a dying patient to embrace what can not be touched by human hands. In doing so, we connect to a eternal consciousness in the other who has been with us everywhere. S is the soul? I want to be known, blessed care and love. DO NOT cut this process by the end of life. And when they die much to share with us during this process of death into life.
In my work with the dying, I learned the art of caring. The Art of Attention is the willingness to bear the burden of another person to die. This genuine connection with another human being makes us realize that what is most sacred to us, it is often more humane. Over time, we connect deeply in the order of creation that surrounds us. It is not easy to let go. with care, love and support, a dying patient can not ignore the known world and open to the mysterious world known as the soul. It is a sacred place? not made by human hands. As such, through prayer, letting go and opening The orientation of the interior, we find a spirit inside of us that took us to the world through it, and has the creative intelligence that will lead us home. It is the center of creation and perhaps the heart of our Creator as well.
An alternative suicide medically attended:
Alternative A physician assisted suicide:
The above findings, I want to continue with my thoughts on what we mean by art process in the treatment of people who consider PAS. The reflections are the considerations and concerns. My desire is to offer an alternative approach for people and broaden the discussion beyond pampering, and care of the soul. Because I have served for more than 12 years in palliative care, you hear a bias in this direction by adding the element of soul care, or the art of attention. In the short essay that follows, I want to emphasize what I believe is a quality of care that speaks to meet a clever way for a watch? The soul in the process of death.
We live in an age SAP is an option, and therefore, what has entered our consciousness is the epitome of personal autonomy. We found another way to participate in another? Right.? In a society where these rights often supersede the responsibility, avoidance of pain? to be emotional mental or physical? is placed above all else. In our society, the pleasure principle is preferred. However, what we become as a result of our development challenges of our character. We become better people. We better about ourselves. And we are better when the other character is an honor.
I am aware of many people to make decisions in favor of PAS, and these choices reflect the character point of view. But in order to get the heart of this work is to clarify an alternative. physical and emotional pain has a way of leading to peace.
In pain, we are born. To a greater or lesser degree of pain, we leave this world. When we are in pain, seek external means for through the same. If you do not give pain relief after death, we tend to look inward for guidance. For this reason, the following are the spiritual issues I want to raise concerns NO.
NO prevents the natural process of life that we call death. In the name of compassion, mercy no claims to promote. It is an attempt to restore a body? state of equilibrium or peace. It is an attempt to relieve the pain in the body of the Great? disease.? It is in these moments of discomfort that go beyond our body and the spirit of hope.
In the midst of despair, grieve with hope? We hope that our followers in our pain, guide us deeper into and through our suffering, we remember our central objective, to create the sacred? s attention on the face pain, and pain lead us to peace.
The problem is that people want immediate results for pain relief now. That's understandable. However, I can not help? But I think SAP has evolved from an alternative to faith rather than being inspired by faith in a power greater than ourselves. If you think about it, our lives are in the hands of trained doctors and nurses who care for us. These health professionals have talent. They are equipped with a power greater than themselves. Some call this the genetic models or DNA at birth, but as we age, we just learned that all things are beyond even the most knowledgeable people.
NOT address the effects of care to alleviate physical pain, but the effects of this increased attention to questions and concerns and lack of spiritual resolve. NOT contemplation undermines the character and faith to the end of life. This does not mean that some cases may require scientific intervention as terminal sedation to ease the burden of pain. I just want to say I'm not convinced not to offer little in the way of caring for a soul when life is as vital as life itself. Often, no is until we lose our roles, expressions of personality and ability to act on our character as the soul is revealed in death. As the body and mind? s soft expressions to die, we die to our loved one outcome in the care of them in an awareness beyond these outward expressions soft? their minds. This is where the souls against invisible bonds created will never forget.
NO court in the final spiritual reflection of life. SAP offers users the comfort and care of the mind and body. However, we are more than a mind and body. We are interconnected with a sacred universe. This dimension of our being is not to cut, and the sacred is not given the opportunity to grow through any of its biggest challenges. We are transformed in life? s challenges. Why why not extend this dying? Death is part of life and therefore I wonder about the holistic nature PAS.
PAS is not just a debate moral and legal. NO prevents us to live up to find death. Many times our spirit inspires us to continue participating in life where there may be apparent hope found. This is where we find our greatest capacity for faith. Spirit has a natural life process revealing. We live in this world, we live through it, and we are moving out of it. Each of us come from somewhere, and we all go somewhere. On the way we engage in experiments and become a part of these experiments. Nothing really dies on this level of consciousness to realize that we are one body.
DO NOT interrupt the natural flow. It usually based on fear of pain and be a burden to others. The focus at this point of the leak. Instead, it could be the value of integration in adversity. In addition, even lose at the end of life in a commitment by our Creator.
Not guaranteed a life free from suffering, but we can be free of our suffering. This hope can be found in a pill. This hope is much deeper. If you choose NO, this expectation cut we showed at birth. It is the eternal dance the spirit is manifested in cycles of life. Here reminds us that life must continue, regardless of changes occur in physical reality. In the deepest part of us, it is essential to be engaged in life to retire. Otherwise, nobody would have learned to crawl or walk at all after birth. In the same way, transcend our fears and we are reborn in the eternal dance of life is not defined by pain.
What I talk about in this last section is the identification with our essence. Remember as a kid the first time I rode a bike. The first thing I have seen others do. So I think yes. So you have on your bike and tried. At first you fall. But inside you say to yourself, if I try hard enough, maybe I can do. You can ride for a while and note the bike and fall. And then we basically yourself in a place that no longer identifies with his body. You say that no matter what happens to my body, I do with this bike and above. It's like magic at the time because you have some time and drive around the world. There's something inside each of us knows how to use this source of strength for the capacity beyond our own abilities. This part of us that knows to be engaged in the art care as well.
PAS is a choice between control and accountability. PAS is an option to stop what is not ours. It is an option to consider personal development needs the collective consciousness of humanity. In the process of death to a person? spirit and the body deteriorates their attention inward. In a sense, patients who die are the connections with their lives interior. This private part of us, we communicate daily. It is our communication with the subtleties of what we are. It is a vital source of strength and courage. This part of us, we rely on the memories of our past, anticipate the future and have our destiny in our present consciousness.
It takes courage, faith and hope face every day. These are spiritual qualities that describe the inner life of a soul. We must be committed to them and get the most out of any challenge. Behind these qualities are higher powers than us. They contain energy that a dying patient? body (although it must always remain as a possibility). Without But the courage, faith, and look forward to the energy that leads to a moment of vision.
Here we spend our perceptions and emotions surrounding the transition from life experience to the other, which gives our body and mind in our Creator? S. Currently, a person is honored with the feeling of being loved supports a person? dying. Their minds will be an anchor, a reason, and a focal point, full of vitality and confidence. It is led by the spirit of our Creator. It's an energy of spiritual maturity to prepare the soul for a journey that never die. (This last section is an article I wrote in the Journal ministry healing, Vol.5, No. 6, November / December 1998? Changes in this item? June 2003).
Suggestions Art care to alleviate suffering in the terminally ill patient:
Suggestions art care to alleviate suffering in the terminally ill patient:
Many people are left alone when the news that he or she dies? introduce yourself.
Do not be afraid to talk openly with someone of his death.
Speaking of God or just one? S more power.
Listen without judging a dying patient will tell her story.
We will learn something from a dying patient.
Offers very little advice.
Remember this is a patient? O death – not ours.
These suggestions are very simple knowledge little in the art of caring and how each of us will have to travel through life and especially at the end. When these suggestions lead Nobody knows, but they realized that each one of us realize our greatest potential to lead. By listening attentively with an open heart to our loved one dies, This combination of sadness and joy common share can be just enough to help a family member dies to live as fully as possible until they die. Not completely remove the incredible pain dying patients, but unless your pain will be covered in the souls can embrace. And to me, is the deepest level of suffering and care should be without. And when we live fully, from birth to death, we can leave this whole world "or" full "life that has given us at birth.
Web Websites and books on the PAS:
? Bioethics in a liberal society? Max Charlesworth (1993)
? ? The Life is sacred? Drutchas by Geoffrey (1999)
? The Good Death: The search for new ways to reform American life end? Marilyn Webb (1997)
? ? Last rights: The struggle for the right to die? By Sue Woodman (1998)
1. K. Barth, Dogmatics, Vol III: The doctrine of creation Part 4, ed. B> W
1. K. Barth, Dogmatics, Vol III: The doctrine of creation, part 4, ed. B> W.
Bromily and TF Torrance, trans. AT Mackay et al. (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1961), 404 425
2. JS Mill, On Liberty, ed. CV Shields (Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc. 1956), 127.
3. Daniel E. Lee? physician-assisted suicide: a review Conservative intervention?
Hastings Center Report 33, no. 1 (2003): 17-19
4. Right to die?. Http: / / Www.geocities.com/HotSPrings/3872/euth.htm
5. http://www.religioustolerance.org/euth1.htm Euthanasia and PAS …….
6.? Suicide, the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy? http://utm.edu/research/iep/s/suicide.htm
9. Jeff Johnson,? Pain Act help promote the password of your house? In Family News in Focus: family.org/cforum/fnif/news/a0008306.htm1.
10. ? Medically assisted suicide is not is rare in the United States, according to a study? Reuters News Agency, 1998-April-23.
11. Copyright: 1998 by the National Hospice and Palliative Care Org. Item Number 714 556 ISBN 0-931207-53-3
12. Ludwig Edelstein, Ancient Medicine: Collected Essays by Ludwig Edelstein, O.
Temkin, L. Temkin, eds., Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 1967.
Sat Oliver, author of "The Path to Healing"
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